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Speech & Language tips related to “Family & Friends”

Parents Group

Below are some tips and activities that you can do with your child that will help him/ her communicate about themselves and their family.

  • Talk about what makes your child unique. Such as, the colour of their eyes and hair, what they can do (e.g. “you can jump!”), as well as the things that they like and don’t like. Label their emotions as they are experiencing them.
  • Model/ demonstrate words such as “me”, “I”, “you”, “he/ she”, “my”, “in”, “on”, and “next to” (e.g., “Jack is on the trampoline”). Encourage your child to use these words appropriately.
  • Encourage your child to name their relatives. They may not be able to say everyone’s name correctly, but praise all attempts and model how to say it. 
  • Talk about family members being sisters, brothers, mothers, fathers, grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins.
  • Create a photo album that includes photos of all your family members. If you can, label the photos with each person’s name as this helps with name/print recognition.
  • When you are looking at the photo album with your child, name family members, talk about what is happening in the photo and where they are. For example, “Look, it’s Pa!”, “Pa is swimming”, “Swimming at the beach”.
  • Talking about photos is a great way to show your child how to use the words “me” and “I” appropriately. You can model these words (e.g. “that’s me!”, “I am smiling”), and encourage them to do so too.
  • Provide genuine praise for all communication attempts!

Children have different communication abilities depending on their age and development. In general, by the age of two years, children are using words to communicate more than gesture and are able to name everyday objects and familiar people. They are beginning to combine words into short sentences. Three year olds have a larger vocabulary, speak in longer sentences and are understood by familiar adults. Four to five year olds are understood by most adults, ask many questions, recount past events and are exhibiting pre-literacy skills.

If you would like more information about speech and language development, or would like to discuss your child’s communication, feel free to contact me on 0417 255 062.

Catherine Downs

Catherine Downs

Catherine Down is Platinum Pre School's preffered Speech Pathologist, she writes specifically tailored articles for the Platinum Newsletter and advises our staff on questions related to childhood speech development. Catherine is a Certified Practising Speech Pathologist (CPSP) with Speech Pathology Australia (SPA) and is an affiliate member of the American Speech - Language - Hearing Association (ASHA).

Catherine holds a BA in Psychology from the National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG) and a BAppSc of Speech Pathology from The University of Sydney. Catherine's qualifications and experience give her a unique set of skills for dealing with clients who are having communication, literacy and learning difficulties.

To find out more about Catherine's services or to book an appointment, please call Catherine on 0417 255 062 or visit her website -

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